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2014年江苏专转本大学英语真题

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江苏省2014年普通高校专转本选拔考试

英语试题卷

(非英语类专业)

Part I Reading Comprehension (20小题,每小题2分,共40)

Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage One

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage.

       People and the sources of air pollution are found in the same place. This means that cities with large population have the biggest problem of dirty air. Air pollution is caused by many different things. A major source of air pollution is the gas fumes (烟尘) from cars. Another major source of dirty air is the burning of coal and oil for energy. This energy is needed to make electricity. Of course, much more electricity is used in the city than in the country.

On the average, we throw away trash and garbage than years before. The burning of garbage leads to air pollution. Many major industries are also the cause of the dirty air in and around cities. The fumes from iron, steel, chemical, and petroleum production add particles (粉尘) to the air.

The effects of air pollution range from mild headaches to death. The levels of pollution found in heavy traffic may cause headaches or loss of clear sight. Wherever coal and oil are used for fuel, fumes may kill trees and plants. In some of the larger cities, these fumes endanger the lives of human beings by leading to lung diseases and causing early deaths.

1. From the passage, we know that ______.

      A. air pollution is caused by electricity

      B. the cause of air pollution is not people

      C. air pollution is caused by many different sources

      D. headaches and death are not related to air pollution

2. What is stated in the passage?

      A. How cars produce fumes.

      B. Why so many people live in cities.

      C. What the causes and effects of air pollution are.

      D. How people in cities feel about polluted air.

3. Which of the following is NOT the cause of air pollution?

      A. Trucks.                                                   B. Headaches.

      C. Burning garbage.                                      D. Burning coal and oil.

4. What are the major sources of air pollution in cities?

      A. Trash and garbage.                                   B. Major industries.

      C. Cars and population.                                 D. Gas fumes and the burning for energy.

5. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?

      A. Heart diseases.                                         B. Lung diseases.

      C. Loss of clear sight.                                   D. Serious headaches.

Passage Two

Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage.

Everyone has got two personalities --- the one that is shown to the world and the other that is secret and real. You don’t show your secret personality when you’re awake because you can control your behavior, but when you’re asleep, your sleeping position shows the real you. In a normal night, of course, people frequently change their position. The important position is the one that you go to sleep in.

If you go to sleep on your back, you’re a very open person. You normally trust people and you are easily influenced by fashion or new ideas. You don’t like to upset people, so you never express your real feelings.

If you sleep on your stomach, you are a rather secretive (深藏不露的) person. You worry a lot and you’re always easily upset. You’re very stubborn (顽固的), but you aren’t very ambitious. You usually live for today not for tomorrow. This means that you enjoy having a good time.

If you sleep curled up (蜷缩), you are probably a very nervous person. You have a low opinion of yourself and so you’re often defensive. You’re shy and you don’t normally like meeting people. You prefer to be on your own. You’re easily hurt.

If you sleep on your side, you have usually got a well-balanced personality. You know your strengths and weaknesses. You’re usually careful. You have a confident personality. You sometimes feel anxious, but you don’t often get depressed. You always say what you think even if it annoys people.

6. According to the writer, you naturally show your secret and real personality ______.

      A. in a normal night                                      B. when you are asleep

      C. when you are daydreaming                        D. when you refuse to show yourself

7. What can be said about one’s personality according to the passage?

       A. Everyone has one personality.

       B. Everyone has two personalities.

       C. One’s personality is unchangeable.

       D. One’s personality is popular.

8. What kind of personality do they have if they sleep on their stomach?

       A. They are open with others.

       B. They like new ideas earlier than others.

       C. They are secretive and easily upset.

       D. They live only for tomorrow.

9. The writer tends to think highly of the people who sleep on their side because ______.

      A. they are stronger

      B. they are careful and confident

      C. they often like annoying people

      D. they always show sympathy for people

10. What is the best title of the passage?

      A. Sleeping Position and Personality

      B. Feelings and Personality

      C. Types of Personalities

      D. Types of Sleeping Positions

Passage Three

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage.

Steve and Yaser first met in their chemistry class at an American university. Yaser was an international student from Jordan. He wanted to learn more about American culture. Yaser hoped that he and Steve would become good friends.

At first, Steve seemed very friendly. He always greeted Yaser warmly before class. Sometimes he offered to study with Yaser. He even invited Yaser to eat lunch with him. But after the semester was over, Steve seemed more distant. The two former classmates didn’t see each other very much at school. One day Yaser was hurt by Steve’s change of attitude; he thought they were friends forever.

Yaser is a little confused. He is an outsider to American culture. He doesn’t understand the way Americans view friendship. Americans use the word “friend” in a very general way. They may call both casual acquaintance (相识的人) and close companions (伴侣) “friends”. Americans have school friends, work friends, sports friends and neighborhood friends. These friendships are based on common interests. When the shared activity ends, the friendship may fade.

In some cultures friendship means a strong life-long bond (关系) between two people. In these cultures friendships develop slowly, since they are built to last. American society is one of rapid change. Studies show that one of five American families move frequently. Americans develop friendship quickly, and they may change just as quickly.

People from theUnited Statesmay at first seem friendly. Americans often chat easily with strangers. They may smile warmly and say, “Have a nice day” or “See you later.” Schoolmates may say, “Let’s get together sometime.” But American friendliness is not always an offer of true friendship.

11. Where did Steve and Yaser first meet?

      A. In their history class.                                            B. In their English class.

      C. In their chemistry class.                                        D. In their Chinese class.

12. What is the style of American friendship?

      A. Americans value strong life-long friendship.                                      

      B. American friendship is not a life-long one.

      C. Americans develop friendship slowly.

      D. Americans do not make friends with strange people.

13. The word “fade” (Para. 3) probably means ______.

      A. disappear gradually                                               B. increase sharply

      C. become close                                                       D. last forever

14. In the eyes of Americans, Steve and Yaser are ______.

      A. neighborhood friends                                            B. classmates for ever

      C. sports friends                                                      D. school friends

15. “Let’s get together sometime” (Para. 5) is a way to ______.

      A. be just friendly                                                     B. learn from each other

      C. care about each other                                           D. be unfriendly

Passage Four

Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage.

Newspapers, along with reporting the news, educate, entertain, and give opinions. An important way for reading a large, big-city newspaper is knowing how to take it apart. Can you find these separate sections: world news, national and local news, sports, business, entertainment, opinions, classified advertisements? Does your paper have other sections?

News stories give facts, not the author’s opinions. Editorials (社论) do the opposite; you can expect an editorial to take sides. Some newspaper editorials have a by-line with the author’s name, but many newspapers have unsigned (未署名的) editorials. These reflect the opinions of the publisher or editor.

You can be a better reader if you know what to expect in a newspaper. For example, you can expect headlines to omit unnecessary words. You can expect to find the most important facts in the first paragraph of a news story. You can expect important news items to be on the front page. You can expect less important items to be on the inside pages.

Most of all, the more you know about current news, the more you will understand what is in the newspaper; important stories are generally presented one day and followed up on the following days. So, an important way for reading newspapers is reading one frequently.

16. When reading a large newspaper, one should ______.

       A. read it from cover to cover

       B. do some paper-cutting

       C. find separate sections

       D. predict what is inside the newspaper

17. Which of the following statements about news stories is TRUE?

       A. News stories tell the facts without any comments.

       B. News stories contain both facts and opinions.

       C. News stories reflect the opinions of the publisher and editor.

       D. News stories express the writers’ opinion.

18. If you expect the most important facts of a news story, you can go to ______.

       A. the first paragraph

       B. news items on each page

       C. the author’s opinions on the front pages

       D. the headlines on the inside pages

19. The best way to read newspapers is to read ______.

       A. extensively and thoroughly

       B. occasionally and carefully

       C. frequently and with certain skills

       D. in details every day

20. The main idea of the passage is ______.

      A. how to read newspapers

      B. how to read stories and editorials

      C. how to find important news stories

      D. how to find the author’s opinions

Part II Vocabulary and Structure (共40小题,每小题1分,共40分)

Directions: There are 40 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

21. He takes a part-time job every summer vacation, but most of the money he earns ______ playing computer games in the net bar.

      A. spend                                             B. spends

      C. is spent                                          D. are spent

22. It was reported ______ the plane had been missing for more than thirty days..

      A. that                                                B. which

      C. what                                              D. as

23. The reason ______ he objected to the plan at the meeting was that he had no faith in us..

      A. because                                          B. which

      C. for                                                 D. why

24. Teachers at our university ______ to publish at least two research papers each year..

      A. will require                                     B. require

      C. are requiring                                   D. are required

25. Seldom ______ any mistakes in the past 15 years’ working in the physics laboratory.

      A. she did make                                  B. did she make

      C. she should make                             D. she could make

26. As is expected, the government is taking measures ______ the spread of Bird Flu..

      A. preventing                                      B. prevent

      C. to prevent                                       D. prevented

27. The old woman was worried because her 30-year-old son was so lazy that he didn’t feel like ______ to work.

      A. going                                             B. to go

      C. go                                                 D. goes

28. To make our environment cleaner, many people suggest that no smoking ______ in public places..

      A. allow                                             B. be allowed

      C. was allowed                                   D. allowed

29. Mother was proud that her daughter looked ______ among the girls in the party that evening.

      A. less beautiful                                   B. the most beautiful

      C. more beautiful                                 D. even beautiful

30. You ______ our boss in her office last Friday; she has already gone toParis.

      A. needn’t have seen                           B. must have seen

      C. might have seen                             D. can’t have seen

31. You may use this iPad ______ you promise to return it tomorrow afternoon.

      A. unless                                            B. as long as

      C. as soon as                                      D. until

32. The old man had been to his daughter’s home several times but he still had trouble ______ it.

      A. found                                            B. finds

      C. find                                               D. finding

33. I wish I ______ a spaceman like Yang Liwei and could stay in the spaceship for a few days..

      A. were                                              B. have been

      C. can be                                           D. am

34. It was the information from the Internet ______ gave him great help in the final exam.

      A. that                                                B. what

      C. when                                             D. how

35. Some people often feel depressed when the leaves on the trees ______ yellow in the fall.

      A. turning                                          B. turn

      C. turns                                             D. to turn

36. As far as I am ______, there’s plenty of room for improvement in the service of your hotel.

      A. considered                                      B. cared

      C. concerned                                      D. called

37. To their great ______, they didn’t succeed in the cooperation with an Italian company.

      A. disappointment                                B. disappointed

      C. disappointing                                  D. disappoint

38. Please have more vegetables and do more exercise if you want to keep ______.

      A. health                                             B. healthy

      C. healthful                                         D. healthily

39. He is not willing to carry the red box; it is much ______ than the yellow one in the corner..

      A. heavy                                             B. more heavy

      C. a little heavy                                   D. heavier

40. Traveling around the world is easy nowadays. It ______ just a few hours to cross theAtlanticby plane.

      A. takes                                              B. take

      C. took                                               D. is taken

41. ______, I won’t be able to go to your party tomorrow since I have to attend an important meeting.

      A. Generally                                       B. Secretly

      C. Unfortunately                                 D. Luckily

42. There were lots of people around who could ______ help those injured in the car accident.

      A. angrily                                           B. deeply

      C. cleanly                                           D. actually

43. The noisy road-works in the neighborhood caused a lot of ______ among local residents..

      A. occasions                                       B. complaints

      C. communications                              D. organizations

44. The information would be extremely ______ for students who will take a national examination in June.

      A. helpful                                           B. official

      C. personal                                         D. peaceful

45. The houses in this district have been sold out, for there is a large and ______ supermarket nearby.

      A. convenient                                      B. easy

      C. constant                                         D. excited

46. As a professor of English, he is not very ______ biological terms.

      A. grateful to                                      B. familiar to

      C. grateful for                                     D. familiar with

47. The girl was quite excited when she got the letter asking her to go for an ______ the following day.

      A. impression                                      B. identity

      C. interview                                        D. ideal

48. After the secretary knew that the boss would go toNew Yorkfor an international conference, she booked an air ticket ______.

      A. in addition                                      B. in case

      C. in advance                                      D. in a way

49. Villagers are ______ not to swim in the river since it is quite deep and dangerous.

      A. attended                                         B. neglected

      C. arrested                                          D. warned

50. The social problems caused by mobile phones have greatly ______ our normal life in recent years.

      A. affected                                         B. depended

      C. missed                                           D. pointed

51. As it is getting warmer, you might as well ______ these fur coats in that wooden box.

      A. put up                                            B. turn off

      C. put away                                        D. turn back

52. Family-run hotels of high ______ offer a personal, friendly and efficient service.

      A. determination                                  B. standard

      C. temperature                                    D. touch

53. ______, I don’t think the candidate has a chance of winning the election this year.

      A. In business                                     B. To the extreme

      C. In a distance                                   D. To be honest

54. Scientists have made a study to show that praise is more _____ than criticism in improving students’ behavior.

      A. effective                                         B. embarrassed

      C. exact                                             D. envious

55. We have to make an effort to encourage American companies to _____ business in our country.

      A. give                                               B. do

      C. look                                               D. turn

56. Students in Western countries are quite ______ in their learning.

      A. impressive                                      B. inexpensive

      C. independent                                    D. increasing

57. Some Chinese traditions are gradually disappearing ______ some other traditions are coming back.

      A. while                                             B. what

      C. whatever                                        D. where

58. This is the lady ______ whom I borrowed some money three days ago.

      A. between                                         B. for

      C. in                                                  D. from

59. I can’t hear what the teacher says. Could you talk a little more ______?

      A. quietly                                            B. noisily

      C. generally                                        D. frankly

60. My friends urged me not to ______ the opportunity for it might never come again.

      A. escape                                           B. spend

      C. miss                                              D. turn

Part III Cloze(共20小题,每小题1分,共20分)

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the context. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Last Friday, after doing all the family shopping in the town, I wanted to have a rest before catching the train. I ___61___ a newspaper and some chocolate and went ___62___ the station coffee shop. ___63___ was a cheap self-service place with long tables to sit at. I put my heavy bag ___64___ on the floor, put the newspaper and the chocolate on the table and then went to ___65___ a cup of coffee.

When I came back with the coffee, there was ___66___ sitting in the next seat. It was a boy wearing dark glasses and old clothes. He had started to ___67___ my chocolate!

Naturally, I was rather uneasy (不爽) about him, but I didn’t want to have any ___68___. I just read the newspaper, ___69___ my coffee and took a ___70___ of chocolate. The boy looked at me in ___71___. Then he took a second piece of my chocolate. I could ___72___ believe it. Still I didn’t say ___73___ to him. When he took a third piece, I felt more angry than uneasy. I ___74___, “Well, I shall have the last piece.” And I got it.

The boy gave me a strange look, then ___75___ up. As he left, he shouted out. “There’s something ___76___ with that woman!” Everyone looked at me, ___77___ I didn’t want to quarrel ___78___ the boy, so I kept quiet. I did not realize that I had ___79___ a mistake until I finished my coffee and was ready to leave. My face turned red ___80___ I saw my chocolate under the newspaper. The chocolate that I had been eating was the boy’s!

61.  A. stole                      B. bought                      C. sold                       D. wrote

62.  A. into                        B. near                          C. beside                    D. back

63.  A. It                           B. What                         C. Which                    D. Each

64.  A. below                    B. up                             C. down                     D. towards

65.  A. get                         B. reach                        C. do                         D. want

66.  A. none                      B. anybody                    C. someone                D. nobody

67.  A. cut                        B. wash                         C. help                       D. eat

68.  A. coffee                    B. trouble                      C. chocolate               D. case

69.  A. entered                   B. tasted                        C. sold                       D. attracted

70.  A. bit                         B. number                     C. few                       D. lots

71.  A. carelessness           B. danger                       C. surprise                  D. happiness

72.  A. seldom                   B. hardly                       C. interestingly            D. greatly

73.  A. anything                 B. something                  C. everything              D. nothing

74.  A. recalled                  B. thought                     C. learned                   D. knew

75.  A. stood                     B. took                          C. cried                      D. looked

76.  A. fine                        B. nice                          C. OK                        D. wrong

77.  A. and                        B. but                            C. so                          D. while

78.  A. with                       B. in                              C. up                         D. on

79.  A. spelt                      B. corrected                   C. made                     D. expressed

80.  A. that                        B. when                        C. although                 D. if

Part IV Translation(35)

Section A (5小题,每小题4分,共20)

Directions: Translate the following sentences into Chinese. You may refer to the corresponding passages in Part I.

81. In some of the larger cities, these fumes endanger the lives of human beings by leading to lung diseases and causing early deaths. (Passage One)

82. If you go to sleep on your back, you’re a very open person. You normally trust people and you are easily influenced by fashion or new ideas. (Passage Two)

83. Americans use the word “friend” in a very general way. They may call both casual acquaintance (相识的人) and close companions (伴侣) “friends”. (Passage Three)

84. Studies show that one of five American families move frequently. Americans develop friendship quickly, and they may change just as quickly. (Passage Three)

85. Most of all, the more you know about current news, the more you will understand what is in the newspaper. (Passage Four)

Section B (5小题,每小题3分,共15)

Directions: Translate the following sentences into English.

86. 我希望我们的友谊天长地久。

87. 你应该确保每一天都能够学到一些有用的东西。

88. 我们学校的学生已经养成了晨读晨练的好习惯。

89. 与不同性格的同学做室友有助于学会与他人合作。

90. 如果您需要任何有关我的个人信息,尽管和我联系。

Part V Writing (15)

Directions: For this partyou are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay with the title Travel Alone or Travel with a Companion. You are required to write at least 120 wordsfollowing the outline given below

1. 有人喜欢独自旅行,有人喜欢与别人结伴而行;

2. 两种旅行方式的利与弊;

3. 你更喜欢哪种旅行方式,为什么?

Travel Alone or Travel with a Companion

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